Color Map: Study of Color

In making our color wheel we found ourselves faced with the same question entertained by artists, scientists, professors and colorists for the last two and a half centuries, “Which color wheel?”

Explanations for color have been put forth in the form of triangles, charts, spheres, circles, wheels and graphs. Sir Isaac Newton, in the early 1700s, demonstrated that white light is made up of all the spectral colors and created a color wheel that placed the pure hue of the spectrum on the outside and shaded them to gray at the center. The Three Component Theory, first advanced by physicist Thomas Young, and then later expanded upon by J.C. Maxwell and H. von Helmholtz, suggests that nature had three basic sensations which respond to red, green and violet light.

The color printer Jakob LeBlon found he could represent ll visible objects with three colors -yellow, red (crimson) and blue. Albert Munsell, an American painter, arranged his color wheel by hue, chroma and value, while Ostwald’s system defined pure hue and classified colors according to the amount of white and black they contained. Ewald Hering published his theory which suggested that three pairs of opposing sensations produce all colors -blue and yellow, red and green and black and white.

We finally decided, after considerable research, to base the DANIEL SMITH color wheel on color vision, the measured evaluation of what we see, “colorimetry”.

The Study of Color Article & Color Index


1 Amazonite Genuine 2 Phthalo Green BS 3 Phthalo Green YS 4 Permanent Green 5 Permanent Green Lt 6 Phthalo Yellow Green 7 Hansa Yellow Light 8 Lemon Yellow 9 Bismuth Yellow Vanadate 10 Green Gold 11 Viridian 12 Cobalt Green 13 Hooker's Green 14 Sap Green 15 Aureolin/Cobalt Yellow 16 Cadmium Yellow Lt Hue 17 Kingman Turquoise Gen 18 Fuchsite Genuine 19 Terre Verte 20 Malachite Genuine 21 Cobalt Green Pale 22 Bohemian Green Earth 23 Zoisite Genuine 24 Chromium Green Oxide 25 Buff Titanium 26 Undersea Green 27 Naples Yellow 28 Olive Green 29 Nickel Titanate Yellow 30 Cadmium Yellow Medium Hue 31 Hansa Yellow Medium 32 Hansa Yellow Deep 33 Nickel Azo Yellow 34 Rich Green Gold 35 Indian Yellow 36 New Gamboge 37 Cadmium Yellow Deep -unavailable 38 Burgundy Yellow Ochre 39 Permanent Yellow Deep 40 Quinacridone Gold 41 Transparent Yellow Oxide 42 Permanent Orange 43 Pompeii Red 44 Cadmium Orange -unavailable 45 Quinacridone Sienna 46 Pyrrol Orange 47 Perinone Orange 48 Pyrrol Scarlet 49 Organic Vermilion 50 Perylene Scarlet 51 Permanent Alizarin Crimson 52 Cadmium Red Scarlet -unavailable 53 Cadmium Red -unavailable 54 Pyrrol Crimson 55 Pyrrol Red 56 Perylene Red 57 Permanent Red 58 Permanent Red Deep 59 Carmine 60 Quinacridone Coral 61 Quinacridone Fuchsia 62 Quinacridone Red 63 French Ochre 64 Yellow Ochre 65 Verona Gold Ochre 66 Goethite-Brown Ochre 67 Monte Amiata Natural Sienna 68 Mars Yellow 69 Italian Deep Ochre 70 Raw Sienna 71 German Greenish Raw Umber 72 Yavapai Genuine 73 Burgundy Red Ochre 74 Terre Ercolano 75 Transparent Red Oxide 76 Quinacridone Burnt Orange 77 Mummy Bauxite 78 English Red Ochre 79 Transparent Brown Oxide 80 Italian Burnt Sienna 81 Italian Venetian Red 82 Sedona Genuine 83 Hematite Burnt Scarlet 84 Burnt Sienna 85 English Red Earth 86 Venetian Red 87 Minnesota Pipestone 88 Lunar Earth 89 Permanent Brown 90 Quinacridone Burnt Scarlet 91 Deep Scarlet 92 Indian Red 93 Cadmium Red Deep 94 Perylene Maroon 95 Anthraquinoid Red 96 Alizarin Crimson 97 Tiger's Eye Genuine 98 Raw Umber 99 Burnt Tiger's Eye Gen 100 Burnt Umber 101 Lunar Red Rock 102 Pinkcolor 103 Rose Madder Genuine 104 Hematite Genuine 105 Sepia 106 Van Dyke Brown 107 Hematite Violet Genuine 108 Raw Umber Violet 109 Rhodonite Genuine 110 Quinacridone Rose 111 Quinacridone Pink 112 Quinacridone Magenta 113 Bordeaux 114 Quinacridone Violet 115 Imperial Purple 116 Rose of Ultramarine 117 Carbazole Violet 118 Cobalt Blue Violet 119 Ultramarine Blue 120 French Ultramarine 121 Permanent Violet 122 Naphthamide Maroon 123 Purpurite Genuine 124 Ultramarine Red 125 Cobalt Violet 126 Manganese Violet 127 Ultramarine Violet 128 Cobalt Violet Deep 129 Lunar Violet 130 Moonglow 131 Indanthrone Blue 132 Phthalo Blue RS 133 Phthalo Blue GS 134 Verditer Blue 135 Phthalo Turquoise 136 Ultramarine Turquoise 137 Cobalt Blue 138 Prussian Blue 139 Cerulean Blue Chromium 140 Manganese Blue Hue 141 SB Turquoise Genuine 142 Lunar Blue 143 Prussian Green 144 Cobalt Teal Blue 145 Cobalt Turquoise 146 Cascade Green 147 Kyanite Genuine 148 Lapis Lazuli Genuine 149 Azurite Genuine 150 Sodalite Genuine 151 Indigo 152 Payne's Gray 153 Vivianite-Blue Ochre 154 Lamp Black 155 Lunar Black 156 Cote d'Azur Violet 157 Graphite Gray 158 Ivory Black 159 Titanium White 160 Chinese White 161 Black Tourmaline 162 Spring Green 163 Fired Gold Ochre 164 Azo Yellow 165 Roasted French Ochre 166 Mayan Blue Genuine 167 Diopside Genuine 168 Burnt Yellow Ochre 169 Sicklerite Genuine 170 Garnet Genuine 171 Cerulean Blue PB35 172 Rare Green Earth 173 Mayan Red 174 Isoindoline Yellow 175 Mayan Dark Blue 176 Mayan Orange 177 Cad. Orange Hue 178 Cad. Red Medium Hue 179 Cad. Red Scarlet Hue 180 Cad. Yellow Deep Hue 181 Mayan Yellow 182 Mayan Violet